Statistics and Trends

This section provides links to relevant information and statistics held elsewhere by other organisations and agencies. We provide a short explanation of the information available and the relevant link. For the full statistics and a fuller explanation of any trends or facts, please refer directly to the source via the weblink provided.


Fuel Poverty is the inability to afford adequate energy in the home, usually defined as having to spend more than 10% of income to meet recognised heating standards. Extreme fuel poverty is defined as requiring more than 20% of income for domestic fuel. An additional element to this definition was added by the Fuel Poverty (Targets, Definition and Strategy) (Scotland) Act 2019, see Definitions and Targets - Scotland.

Fuel poverty is caused by a combination of factors: poor energy efficiency of the dwelling; low disposable household income, the high price of domestic fuel and how energy is used in the home.

Key Statistics:

Fuel poverty in Scotland in 2018 was 619,000 households or 25%
Extreme fuel poverty in 2018 was 279,000 households or 11.3%

(Source: The Scottish House Condition Survey: 2018 Key Findings)


Scottish House Condition Survey

Fuel Poverty across the UK

Energy Trends and Quarterly Prices

Increased Winter Mortality (Excess Winter Deaths)

Poverty and Inequality