Statistics and Trends
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Fuel Poverty is the inability to afford adequate energy in the home, usually defined as having to spend more than 10% of income to meet recognised heating standards. Extreme fuel poverty is defined as requiring more than 20% of income for domestic fuel. An additional element to this definition was added by the Fuel Poverty (Targets, Definition and Strategy) (Scotland) Act 2019, see Definitions and Targets - Scotland.
Fuel poverty is caused by a combination of factors: poor energy efficiency of the dwelling; low disposable household income, the high price of domestic fuel and how energy is used in the home.
Fuel poverty in Scotland in 2018 was 619,000 households or 25%
Extreme fuel poverty in 2018 was 279,000 households or 11.3%
(Source: The Scottish House Condition Survey: 2018 Key Findings)