Scottish House Condition Survey

Scotland’s fuel poverty figures are found in the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS). The SHCS is the largest single housing survey undertaken in Scotland and the only national study to look at the physical condition of dwellings as well as interviewing occupiers.

The latest available report covers the period from January to December 2017 and is available here 

The SHCS team also produces local authority reports which give figures for fuel poverty at the local authority level. The most recent figures are for 2014 to 2016.

The latest fuel poverty statistics from the SHCS 2017 report (published December 2018) show that:

  • Fuel poverty in Scotland in 2017 was 613,000 households or 24.9%
  • The level of extreme fuel poverty recorded in 2017 was 174,000 households or 7%. Extreme fuel poverty is defined as requiring more than 20% of income for domestic fuel.
  • The long term trend of improving energy efficiency of the housing stock continues.
  • In 2017, 42% of Scottish homes were rated as EPC band C or better and half had an energy efficiency rating of 67 or higher (SAP 2012). This is a significant increase from 39% in 2016 and continues the improving trend from 35% in 2014, the first year in which data based on SAP 2012 is available.

In 2016, the number of households in fuel poverty was estimated to be 649,000 households or 26.5%. There was no significant difference in the fuel poverty rate between 2016 and 2017.

The Impact of Fuel Prices on Fuel Poverty

Increases in fuel prices in this period have been offset particularly by increases in household incomes as well as improvements in the energy efficiency of dwellings.

For more information on energy prices, see the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy quarterly energy prices publications.

Trends in SHCS Fuel Poverty Figures