Scottish House Condition Survey

Scotland’s fuel poverty figures are found in the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS). The SHCS is the largest single housing survey undertaken in Scotland and the only national study to look at the physical condition of dwellings as well as interviewing occupiers.

The latest available report covers the period from January to December 2016 and is available here 

The SHCS team also produces local authority reports which give figures for fuel poverty at the local authority level. The most recent figures are for 2014 to 2016.

The latest fuel poverty statistics from the SHCS 2016 report (published December 2017) show that:

  • Fuel poverty in Scotland in 2016 was 649,000 households or 26.5%
  • The level of extreme fuel poverty recorded in 2065 was 183,000 households or 7.5%. Extreme fuel poverty is defined as requiring more than 20% of income for domestic fuel.
  • The long term trend of improving energy efficiency of the housing stock continues.
  • In 2016, 39% of Scottish homes were rated as EPC band C or better and half had an energy efficiency rating of 66 or higher (SAP 2012). This is similar to 2015 but an increase from 35% in 2014, the first year in which data based on SAP 2012 is available.

In 2015, the number of households in fuel poverty was estimated to be 748,000 households or 30.7%. In 2016 fuel poverty declined by about 4 percentage points, equivalent to around 99,000 fewer households living in fuel poverty compared to 2015.

The Impact of Fuel Prices on Fuel Poverty

Almost two thirds (2.7 percentage points) of the reduction in fuel poverty rates between 2015 and 2016 can be attributed to the drop in the price of domestic fuels over this period. Around a third (1.5 points) can be attributed to improvements in the energy efficiency performance of the housing stock and the rest (0.1 points) can be explained by higher household incomes.

For more information on energy prices, see the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy quarterly energy prices publications.

Trends in SHCS Fuel Poverty Figures