Energy Trends and Quarterly Prices

The Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) produces regular reports on Energy Trends and Quarterly Prices. These provide information about the price of domestic fuels, including average domestic fuel bills broken down by fuel type and payment method.

These reports are available to download from BEIS. The first set of figures below represents UK figures [1]. Specific Scottish figures which are produced annually are also available below. [2]. The second set of statistics is using cash terms, which means not adjusted for inflation, whereas the first set of statistics covering UK prices is using real terms. These bills are based on standard consumptions of 3,800kWh per year for electricity and 15,000kWh per year for gas.

Quarterly energy prices for March 2019 [1] show the following:

For the UK:

  • The price paid for all domestic fuels in real terms has risen by 6.8 per cent when we compare Quarter 4 2018 with the same quarter in 2017. Between Quarter 4 2017 and Quarter 4 2018, real terms prices including VAT for domestic electricity increased by 7.4 per cent and for domestic gas prices rose by 5.9 per cent.
  • The average energy bills in 2018 were higher than in 2017; this was mainly due to price increases for electricity and gas implemented between March and November 2018.
  • The average standard electricity bill in 2018, across all payment types has increased by £49 (8.0 per cent) since 2017, from £619 to £668. The average 2018 gas bill across all payment types also increased by £16 (2.5 per cent) from £660 to £646. Combined gas and electricity bills have increased by £65 (5.2 per cent) between 2017 and 2018 (to £1,314).
  • Helping to offset increases in energy prices was the implementation of the Prepayment Cap; however average annual bills for prepayment customers increased by £22 from £1,250 in 2017 to £1,272 in 2018 following a revision of the prepayment cap.

For Scotland (using cash terms):

  • The average annual domestic standard gas bill for 2018 increased for both Direct Debit by £24 to £629, and Standard Credit by £21 to £709 whilst Prepayment bills decreased by £9 to £617. This results in an average of £652 across all payment types, using cash terms.
  • The average annual domestic standard electricity bill in Scotland for 2018 increased for Direct Debit by £53 to £6059, while average Standard Credit increased by £55 to £729. Prepayment also increased by £31 to £658.  This results in an average annual electricity bill of £682 across all payment types in cash terms.

More information is available by contacting the Energy Prices Analysis Team in BEIS. For household energy prices, the current contact is Anwar Annut 0300 068 5060

[1] Quarterly Energy Prices, March 2019, BEIS and Office for National Statistics

[2] Annual Domestic Energy Bills, March 2019, BEIS and Office for National Statistics