Action Plans and Strategies
The following plans and strategies underpin the approach by the Scottish Government to tackling fuel poverty and improving the energy efficiency of homes.
The Heat Policy Statement was published by the Scottish Government in June 2015. It sets out the Scottish Government's framework for a resilient heat system which will lead to affordable low carbon heat for households. A key initiative emerging from this document is the designation of energy efficiency as a National Infrastructure Priority. The cornerstone of this will be Scotland's Energy Efficiency Programme (SEEP) which will offer support to all domestic and non-domestic buildings in Scotland to improve their energy efficiency ratings. The new programme will be launched in 2017/18.
Scotland’s Sustainable Housing Strategy (2013) sets out the Scottish Government’s vision for warm, high quality, affordable, low carbon homes and a housing sector that helps to establish a successful low carbon economy across Scotland.
The strategy also sets out the investment and programmes which the Scottish Government intends will help it meet the targets for fuel poverty and emission reductions that have been set. For more information, visit: Sustainable Housing on the Scottish Government website.
The Energy Efficiency Action Plan sets a framework for energy efficiency and microgeneration that furthers the Scottish Government's climate change, economic and social agendas.
The key actions relating to energy efficiency include to:
- improve the energy efficiency of all housing stock to meet the demands of the future;
- promote infrastructure improvements, eg by developing a sustainable heat supply.
Part of the strategy is to have a clear vision of the future goals, aims and aspirations beyond the current parliament. This has been presented as a route-map to 2030 (see chapter 2 in Conserve and Save: the Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Scotland). It includes a commitment to publish an annual report and to formally review the plan within three years of its publication in 2010.
Low Carbon Scotland: Meeting our Emissions Reduction Targets 2013-2027 is the Scottish Government’s second report on proposals and policies (RPP2) for meeting its climate change targets. It sets out how Scotland can deliver its statutory annual targets for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions for the period 2013–2027 set through the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009.
Its milestones (under Homes and Communities) for 2020 include:
· every home to have loft and cavity wall insulation, where this is cost-effective and technically feasible, plus simple measures such as draught-proofing and pipe lagging;
· every home heated with gas central heating to have a highly efficient boiler with appropriate controls; and
· at least 100,000 homes to have adopted some form of individual or community renewable heat technology for space and/or water heating.
Fuel poverty is, of course, highly correlated with income. The likelihood of experiencing fuel poverty increases as household income decreases. The Scottish Government has several social policy frameworks for tackling aspects of poverty in Scotland.
- Achieving our Potential: the Scottish Government and COSLA framework for tackling poverty generally;
- Equally Well: the Scottish Government and NHS strategy for combating health inequalities in Scotland;
- Early Years Framework: the Scottish Government strategy for ensuring the best start in life for children as part of breaking the poverty cycle; and
- Child Poverty Strategy: the Scottish Government strategy to reduce the levels of child poverty in Scotland, and to ensure that as few children as possible experience any kind of socio-economic disadvantage;
· UK Welfare Reform in Scotland: although welfare is a matter reserved to the UK Government, some measures impact on devolved services delivered by the Scottish Government and local authorities such as Health, Social Care and Housing. See also the Scottish Welfare Fund.