Scottish House Condition Survey

Scotland’s fuel poverty figures are found in the Scottish House Condition Survey (SHCS). The SHCS is the largest single housing survey undertaken in Scotland and the only national study to look at the physical condition of dwellings as well as interviewing occupiers.

The latest available report covers the period from January to December 2015 and is available here 

The SHCS team also produces local authority reports which give figures for fuel poverty at the local authority level. The most recent figures are for 2013 to 2015.

The latest fuel poverty statistics from the SHCS 2015 report (published December 2016) show that:

  • Fuel poverty in Scotland in 2015 was 748,000 households or 30.7%
  • The level of extreme fuel poverty recorded in 2015 was 203,000 households or 8.3%. Extreme fuel poverty is defined as requiring more than 20% of income for domestic fuel.
  • The long term trend of improving energy efficiency of the housing stock continues.
  • In 2015 37% of Scottish homes were in EPC band C or better and half had an energy efficiency rating of 65 or higher (SAP 2012). This is similar to 2014.

(Please note that fuel poverty estimates have been subject to a major methodology change for all years. See here for more details.)

In 2014, the number of households in fuel poverty was estimated to be 845,000 or 34.9%. In 2015 fuel poverty declined by about 4 percentage points, equivalent to around 97,000 fewer households living in fuel poverty compared to 2014.

The Impact of Fuel Prices on Fuel Poverty

Just over half (2.3 percentage points) of the reduction in fuel poverty rates between 2014 and 2015 can be attributed to the drop in the price of domestic fuels over this period. Around a third (1.3 points) can be attributed to improvements in the energy efficiency performance of the housing stock and the rest (0.6 points) can be explained by higher household incomes.

For more information on energy prices, see the Department for Energy and Climate Change quarterly energy prices publications.

Trends in SHCS Fuel Poverty Figures